Bootstraps aren't enough: In Massachusetts and the United States, a person can work and try hard all their life but still remain poor. Race, class and the social set-up conspire against their best efforts. Their parents were poor, their children continue poor and their children's children likely too. Help wanted signs, tax credits and affordable community colleges haven't done enough. It will take thinking outside the standard social services tool box to crack the nut of poverty.


Please click here for full bios of the panelists. 

Ronald G. Marlow 
Undersecretary, Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development
Michael Taylor 
President, Urban College of Boston
Jesse Mermell
‚ÄčExecutive Director, The Alliance for Business Leadership 
Sunny Schwartz
Chief Operating Officer, Asian American Civic Association
Jessie Partridge
Research Analyst, Metropolitan Area Planning Council
Ruthie Liberman, 
Vice President for Public Policy, Crittenton Women's Union

Reading List 

The following articles and documents are presented to participants for further reading:

Career Pathways Initiatives, College and Career Readiness & Success Center
A $15 Minimum Wage - Effects and Historical ContextMassachusetts Budget and Policy Center
Rethinking PovertyStanford Social Innovation Review